Court Rules In Favor of Defendants In Foreclosure Cases With Robo-Witnesses

Written By: Emil FleysherNovember 5, 2014

The First District Court of Appeal has thrown out the evidence presented in three foreclosure cases. They did this due to the lenders' witnesses being unqualified to testify.

In two of the cases, the court stated that the lawsuits should get dismissal in favor of the homeowners. The banks have 30 days to file a motion for rehearing or the decisions will become active throughout the state. It has been common for banks to bring one witness with inadequate knowledge of the origin. Or, the accuracy of mortgage records they provided. This is normally due to the number of servicing transfers; from the time of the funding of the loan to the time of trial.

2008 Housing Market Crash Was Just The Beginning

In fact, Florida courts had a tsunami of foreclosures filings after the housing market crashed in 2008. In the interim, defense attorneys argued that the plaintiffs were bypassing the evidentiary rules. They were doing this by providing counterfeit documents to prove their standing. This led to the robo-signing scandal that was challenged in 2010; creating a mandate for servicers and lenders to suspend filing new foreclosure cases.

Foreclosure Cases

In 2013 the Fourth District Court ruled in the favor of Connie Yang, the owner. They did this because her homeowner's association failed to provide solid evidence in the accounting ledger they submitted. However, when defense attorneys tried to use this as an example against the banks, judges ruled that this case only applied to associations. It did not apply to banks.

In Tallahassee, Judge Nikki Ann Clark of the First District ruled against Bank of New York Mellon. The reason is that the evidence submitted to prove the amount owed by the defendants, Lloyd & Teresa Burdeshaw, was inadmissible hearsay. The bank’s witness was unsuccessful in authenticating the records provided by the bank. And, they failed to qualify as a person with a proficient intellect of the four aspects needed for business records exception. In addition to the case being dismissed for lack of foundation, it was later discovered that the case should have been dismissed years prior; because of a motion to dismiss for inactivity that was filed in 2010.

In another case, Kiefert v. NationStar Mortgage, the Court reversed the foreclosure judgment. This is because the bank's witness was only able to establish that its predecessor was in possession of the note when the filing of the complaint took place. Not that that the note had been endorsed at the time the complaint was filed.

Finally, in Lacombe v. Deutsche Bank, the Court ruled in favor of the defendant. They cited that the witness that the bank brought was simply “incoherent”.

Is There a Double Standard with Foreclosure Cases?

These cases were dismissed; refusing to remand any of them as the bank had plenty of time to present proper evidence. Many foreclosure defense attorneys feel that there is a double standard when it comes to foreclosure trials and the witnesses the bank provides. Many go as far as stating that the banks are feeding the witnesses with hearsay. This is so that they may mimic this language in court. But, this could not happen in, for example, a medical malpractice trial.

So, if these opinions stand, the banks will have to present evidence at trial. Just like in any other civil case. Hopefully, the threat of mass dismissals and the expense and loss associated with that prospect will incentivize banks to work with borrowers in modifying delinquent mortgage loans.

If you have questions about Foreclosure, Loan Modification, Bankruptcy, Short Sale, or other alternatives, please feel free to call my office at 888-886-0020. Or, send an e-mail to, or complete the contact form below.

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